Baptism in the Codex Canonum Ecclesiarum Orientalium


  • Pablo Gefaell Santa Croce Pontifical University, Rome


Sacraments of Christian Initiation, Minister, Liturgical Books, Nature of Baptism, Theological Effects of Baptism, Theological Elements, Rite of Baptism, Subject of Baptism


The author considers the nature and the theological effects of the sacrament of baptism and exposes the basic theological elements required for valid administration of the sacrament. The Rite of baptism is discussed comparing the norms of both CCEO and CIC without neglecting the relation with Orthodox Churches and other ecclesial communities. The treatment on the subject and minister of baptism covers, besides the exposition and explanation of the Eastern and Western norms, various concrete situations and the consequent ascription of the subject to a particular Church sui iuris. The norms regarding the role, qualities and tasks of the godparents in CCEO and CIC are explained with his personal comments. Finally, the need of registering the details of baptism in the parish records is discussed in detail. 

Author Biography

Pablo Gefaell, Santa Croce Pontifical University, Rome

Pablo Gefaell, born in Vigo (Spain) in 1960, was ordained priest in 1989, Prelature of Opus Dei. He optained Licenciate in Medicine (Santiago de Compostela University, Spain, 1983), Doctorate in Latin (“Santa Croce" Pontifical University, 1990) and Oriental Canon Law (PIO, Rome, 2005) and Diploma in "Studio Rotale" (Roman Rota, 1992). From 1996 he has been Professor of Eastern Canon Law at "Santa Croce" and from 1997 External Judge at the Tribunal, Vicariate of Rome. From 2007 he is the Vice Dean of the Faculty of Canon Law at "Santa Croce" and he has also served as guest professor at the PIO, Rome; Institute “San Pio X, Venice and at Catholic University of Lisbon, Portuguese. He is also a member of the advisory board of the International Review "Folia Canonica."