RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN CHURCH AND STATE, CANON LAW AND CIVIL LAW
PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
First of all the author examines the Lateran Pacts between the Holy See and the Italian State which constitutes the foundation for the relationship between the Catholic Church and the State even in modern times. Then an overview of the teaching of Vatican II on the autonomy and independence of the Church and civil society in their respective fields is presented, indicating the possibility and manner of observing canon law in democratic, theocratic, confessional, secular, atheistic or totalitarian states. After attempting a compendium of the canons on the theme, the final sections are dedicated to highlight the principles and directives provided by the Codes of canon law regarding the relationship between canon law and civil law, followed by the exemplification of three particular themes: marriage, temporal goods of the Church and penal law.