ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE WITHIN THE CONTEXT OF ECONOMY, EMPLOYMENT AND SOCIAL JUSTICE
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is becoming a watershed in the history of human civilization. It is changing our traditional pattern of being, thinking and doing as it functions smarter and swifter than the homo sapiens. Its gradual applications in economy, are making it capital-intensive and consequently has the potential of increasing the economic growth exponentially. Simultaneously it would either displace or disrupt the labour-market. Therefore, the workforce everywhere on the globe, and especially in countries where people are illiterate or backward in AI would become miserably vulnerable as they might become unemployed. In the Indian context, the most affected ones would be Dalits, Tribals, and women because they are already struggling due to Casteism, Hindutva ideology, and patriarchy. It is time to question our economic systems. Christian faith and ethics promote an economy that envisions and ensures reducing poverty and increasing equality. We approve and advocate AI as long as and as much as it serves the common good of the present and the next generations. The gospel-based principle of social justice and the reason-based principle of sustainable development have immense power to ethically regulate AI for the well-being of all.
“Despite Government Claims, Migrants Continue to be Vulnerable and Abandoned,” Indian Express, Monday, 20 July 2020.
“Human Development Index (HDI),” http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/human-development-index-hdi.
“India’s Manual Scavenging Problem,”http://www.thehindu.com
“International Solidarity in the Distribution of the World’s Goods,” Relations Industrielles / Industrial Relations 20, 4 (1965) 711-15, www.jstor.org/stable/23068844.
Andrew P. Porter, “A Theologian Looks at AI,” The Nature of Humans and Machines — A Multidisciplinary Discourse: Papers from the 2014 AAAI Fall Symposium, 29-33, https://www.aaai.org/ocs/index.php/FSS/FSS14/paper/view/9136/9077.
Antonio Spadaro and Paul Twomey, “Artificial Intelligence and Social Justice: A Challenge for the Church,” La Civilta Cattolica 171 (2020) 121-131.
Arundhati Roy, The Doctor and the Saint: The Ambedkar-Gandhi Debate Caste, Race and Annihilation of Caste, Gurgaon: Penguin Random House India, 2019.
Beth Singer, “An Introduction to Artificial Intelligence and Religion for the Religious Studies Scholar,” Implicit Religion 3 (2017).
Charles Irudayam “Sustainable Development in Catholic Social Thought,” in Church and Sustainable Development, Bangalore: ATC, Publications, 2014, 25-39.
https://www.sas.com/en_in/insights/analytics/what-is-artificial-intelligence. Accessed 20 July 2020.
https://www.zdnet.com/article/free-pdf-download-managing-ai-and-ml-in-the-enterprise-2020/. Accessed 20 July 2020.
John Paul II, Laborem Exercens.
John XXIII, Mater et Magistra (1961).
Julio E. Murry, “Agape Economy: The Church’s Call to Action,” Anglican Theological Review 18 (2016).
Nils J. Nilsson, Artificial Intelligence: A New Synthesis, Burlington: Morgan Kaufmann Publishers, 1998.
Noopar Raval, “Automating Informality: On AI and Labour in The Global South,” https://www.giswatch.org/node/6202.
Peter Singer, Practical Ethics, 3rd edition, New York: Cambridge University Press, 2011.
Pius XI, Quadragesimo anno.
Pontifical Council for Justice and Peace, Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church.
Pope Francis, “The ‘Good’ Algorithm? Artificial Intelligence: Ethics, Law, Health,” organized by the Pontifical Academy for Life, Vatican, February, 26-28. https://www.vaticannews.va/en/ pope/news/2020-02/pope-francis-artificial-intelligence-algor-ethics.html.
Pope Francis, Laudato Si’.
Raghuram G. Rajan, The Third Pillar: How Markets and the State Leave the Community Behind, Noida: HarperCollins Publishers, 2019.
The Indian Express, 20 July, 2020, Pune edition.
Vatican II, Gaudium et spes.