A Model of Inter-religious Co-existence of Early Islam Based on Dialogue in Relation to Second Vatican Council’s Document Nostra Aetate


  • Roy Joseph Vettikuzhiyil ICRS (Indonesian Consortium for Religious Studies), Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta
  • Emanuel Gerrit Singgih Duta Wacana Christian University, Yogyakarta
  • Abdul Wahid Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta


Abyssinia, Catholic Church, Islam, Muhammad, Negus, Nostra Aetate, Quraysh, Second Vatican Council


We are living in a pluralistic society where many religions and beliefs are mingled extensively. It is important for us to live in harmony with other religions in the world. This paper aims at analysing the historical Islamic migration to Abyssinia, a Christian country, which took place in 615 AD. The Abyssinian model is helpful in moulding an interreligious harmonious life. Through this paper, we have made an attempt to connect Abyssinian migration and the dialogical process which led to safe co-existence of Muslims in Abyssinia with the Catholic Church’s concept of interreligious life based on Second Vatican Council’s document on the relationship of Church to Non- Christian religions (Nostra Aetate). The common factor which binds both Christians and Islam is analysed and made as a base for further development. The emphasis on the concept of ‘ray of truth’ in other religions in the Second Vatican Council is also examined in the context of Abyssinian migration. The paper ends with the Second Vatican Council’s plea for promoting and safeguarding the values like social justice, moral values, peace and freedom for a better tomorrow. Being the largest and second largest religions in the world, Christianity and Islam can contribute a lot to the world through its peace building by mutual dialogue and co-existence. If we take these examples seriously into account, then a multi-religious pluralistic society is possible.

Author Biographies

Roy Joseph Vettikuzhiyil, ICRS (Indonesian Consortium for Religious Studies), Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Roy Vettikuzhiyil Joseph, a Catholic priest belonging to Carmelites of Mary Immaculate, is a Ph.D. candidate at ICRS (Indonesian Consortium for Religious Studies), Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He holds a Master’s in Islamic History from Maharaja’s College, Ernakulum, Kerala and a Licentiate in Philosophy from Dharmaram Vidya Kshetram, Bangalore. His research interests include Islamic studies and religious conservatism. He has many articles to his credit. Email: royvetticmi@yahoo.co.in

Emanuel Gerrit Singgih, Duta Wacana Christian University, Yogyakarta

Emanuel Gerrit Singgih, PhD is a professor of theology, philosophy and contextualization at the Theology Faculty of Duta Wacana Christian University, Yogyakarta since 1985. He was dean of the faculty. He is a member of Yogyakarta Society for Science and Religion and the Indonesian Biblical Bachelor Association. He obtained his PhD from the University of Glasgow, England. Many articles and books are attached to his credit as author and editor. Email: gerrit@staff.ukdw.ac.id

Abdul Wahid, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta

Abdul Wahid, Ph.D, is a teaching staff at the Department of History, Universitas Gadjah Mada, Yogyakarta, Indonesia. He earned his bachelor’s and master’s degree from Gadjah Mada; obtained his MPhil from University Leiden, and PhD from Utrech University, the Netherlands. His area of expertise is History and archaeology. There are many books and numerous articles to his credit. Email: kang_ahid@ugm.ac.id



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How to Cite

Vettikuzhiyil, R. J., Singgih, E. G., & Wahid, A. (2019). ABYSSINIAN MIGRATION: A Model of Inter-religious Co-existence of Early Islam Based on Dialogue in Relation to Second Vatican Council’s Document Nostra Aetate. Asian Horizons, 13(04), 577–590. Retrieved from https://dvkjournals.in/index.php/ah/article/view/2254