WELL-BEING AND PROSPERITY

Multidirectional Disciplinary Interactions with Religion

  • Manoj Morais Christ University
  • Joshy Joseph Karakunnel Christ university
  • Sebastian Perumbilly
  • Guydeuk Yeon Christ unviersity
  • Gerard Rassendren
Keywords: Charitable giving, Linearity, Religion, Political participation, sustainable development, circularity

Abstract

Despite significant advancements in science and technology, religion continues to influence human lives. The twentieth-century perspectives from social sciences, influenced by the secular hypothesis, mainly highlight the negative influence of religion on human progress and practically ignore its influential and positive impact on various fields of knowledge/disciplines. In this paper, we have examined literature from politics, economics, and psychology to understand religion’s impact on these disciplines and vice versa. We find that religion’s contribution to human society in the 20th and 21st centuries has been mostly positive, especially in education, healthcare, social justice, economic growth, ethics, and initiatives for eradicating inequality and injustice. For instance, religion provides effective coping measures and strategies when humans face uncertainties and catastrophes and facilitate comfort, confidence, and emotional wellness. Further, we realised that (i) the contemporary research literature in social sciences generally highlights the interaction between religion and various fields of knowledge in a unidirectional way —i.e., religion influencing disciplines and not how disciplines influence religion, and (ii) that it fails to reveal a more complex multidirectional and circular relationship between religion and social sciences. In this paper, we propose a way to bring together social scientists and religious scholars to collaborate to facilitate the multidirectional relationship between religion and social sciences and to pave the way toward the well-being of individuals and the transformation of society.

References

Aponte, Harry J.“Spirituality: The heart of therapy.” Journal of Family Psychotherapy 13 (2002): 13-27.

Asman, Oren.“Abortion in Islamic countries – Legal and Religious aspects.” Medicine and Law 23 (2004): 73-89.

Beyers, Jacob, “Religion as Political Instrument.” Journal for the Study of Religion, 28.1(2015): 142-164.

Brooks, Arthur C.“Faith, Secularism and Charity,” Faith & Economics 43(2004):1-8.

Caradonna, Jeremy L. “Sustainability: A History.” Oxford University Press, (2014): 3.

Cesari, Jocelyne, “Religion and Democratisation: When and How It Matters.” Journal of Religious and Political Practice 2 (2016): 131-134.

Chakraborty, Ranjita.“Managing Public Morality: The Politics of Public Policy in India.” The Indian Journal of Political Science 70.4(2009): 1099-1108.

Clerkin, Richard, Sharon Paynter, and Jami Kathleen Taylor. “Public Service Motivation in Undergraduate Giving and Volunteering Decisions,” The American Review of Public Administration 39.6 (2009): 675-698.

Davidson, James C and David P. Caddell. “Religion and the Meaning of Work.” Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 33.2(1994): 135-147.

Friedman, Benjamin. “The Moral Consequence of Economic Growth.” Scholar. Harvard, 2006, <https://scholar.harvard.edu/files/bfriedman/files/the_moral_consequences_of_economic_growth.pdf> 8 March 2022.

Gottlieb, Roger, ed. 2004. This Sacred Earth – Religion, Nature, Environment. New York and London: Routledge, 2004.

Henderson, Errol A.“Culture or Continuity: Ethnic conflict, the Similarity of States, and the Onset of War.” Journal of Conflict Resolution 41.5(1997): 649-668.

Inglehart, R.“Modernisation, Sociological Theories of.” Science Direct, 2001, <https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/social-sciences/modernization> 8 March 2022.

Lucia, Amanda. “Innovative Gurus: Tradition and Change in Contemporary Hinduism.” International Journal of Hindu Studies 18.2 (2014): 221–263.

McCleary, Rachel M and Barro, Robert J. “Religion and Economy.” Journal of Economic Perspectives 20.2 (2006):49-72.

Menhas, Rashid et al. “Impact of Modernisation on Religious Institutions: A Cases Study on Khyber Pakhtun Khwa, Pakistan.” European Review of Applied Sociology 8.10 (2015): 23-28.

Moberg, David.“Spirituality and Aging: Research and Implications.” Journal of Religion, Spirituality & Aging 20 (2008): 95-134.

Moyser, G. Politics and Religion in the Modern World. London: Routledge, 1991.

Oxhandler, Holly Pargament et al. “The Relevance of Religion and Spirituality to Mental Health: A National Survey of Current Clients’ Views.” Social Work 66.3(2021): 254–64.

Palanca, Ellen H. “Religion and Economic Development.” Philippine Studies 34.2 (1986): 162-180.

PEW Research Centre’s Report. “Key facts about the government favoured religion.” PEW Research Centre, 2017, <https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2017/10/03/key-facts-about-government-favored-religion-around-the-world/> 2 July 2022.

PEW Research Report. “Strengthened Faith During COVID-19.”, PEW Research Centre, 2021, <https://www.pewresearch.org/religion/2021/01/27/more-americans-than-people-in-other-advanced-economies-say-covid-19-has-strengthened-religious-faith/> 2 July 2022.

Pope Francis. “Address to Authorities, Civil Society and the Diplomatic Corps, Tallinn, Estonia, 25 September 2018 <https://www.vatican.va/content/francesco/en/speeches/2018/september/documents/papa-francesco_20180925_ autorita-tallinn-estonia.html> 25 July 2021.

Qayyum, Unbreen, SohailAnjum, and Samina Sabir.“Religion and Economic Development: New Insights,” Empirica 47 (2020): 793-834.

Rao, M.S.A. “Religion and Economic Development.” Sociological Bulletin 18 (1969): 1-15.

Sedlacek, Tomas. Economics of Good and Evil – The Quest for Economic Meaning from Gilgamesh, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011.

Smock, David R. “Religious Contributions to Peacemaking: When Religion Brings Peace, Not War, United States Institute of Peace, 2006, <https://www.usip.org/publications/2006/01/religious-contributions-peacemaking-when-religion-brings-peace-not-war> 25 July 2021.

Tamari, Meir.“The Challenge of Wealth: Jewish Business Ethics;” Business Ethics Quarterly 7(1997): 45-56.

Theodorou, E. Angelina and Sandstorm, Aleksandra. “How Abortion is Regulated Around the World,” PEW Research, 2015, <https://www.pewresearch.org/fact-tank/2015/10/06/how-abortion-is-regulated-around-the-world/> 2 May 2022.

Venkataraman, Amrita. “Religious Basis for Islamic Terrorism: The Quran and Its Interpretations.” Studies in Conflict and Terrorism 30(2007): 229-248.

Published
2022-09-30
How to Cite
Morais, M., Karakunnel, J. J., Perumbilly, S., Yeon, G., & Rassendren, G. (2022). WELL-BEING AND PROSPERITY. Journal of Dharma, 47(3), 263-282. Retrieved from http://dvkjournals.in/index.php/jd/article/view/3803