• Mohammad Ismath Ramzy University of Malaya
  • Rahimi Md Saad Lecturer at the Department of Educational Foundation and Humanities, Faculty of Education, University of Malaysia
  • Abdul Muhsien Sulaiman Senior Lecturer at the Department of Educational Foundation and Humanities, Faculty of Education, University of Malaysia
Keywords: Cultural Diversity, Al-adl, religious commitments (taqwa), Islamic Ethics, Religious diversity, Quality Education


Appreciating cultural diversity is the seventh target of Quality Education (SDG 4). Although connections worldwide are increasing, cultural diversity among people has become challenging. Islam sees cultural disparity as natural; al-’adl (non-bias), the central concept of Islamic ethics not only promotes cultural appreciation but makes it compulsory for just leadership. This research explores the association between al-’adl and cultural appreciation in Islamic religious texts and its implication in history. The objective of this research is to highlight the obligatory stance of Islam on cultural diversity appreciation in a multicultural context. The researchers recommend that Islamic religious leaders and religious institutions promote cultural appreciation as a fundamental obligation to ensure justice (al-’adl) in a society.

Author Biographies

Rahimi Md Saad , Lecturer at the Department of Educational Foundation and Humanities, Faculty of Education, University of Malaysia

Rahimi Md Saad is Lecturer at the Department of Educational Foundation and Humanities, Faculty of Education, University of Malaysia. His interest includes education for social development and inclusion, Islamic and comparative education for character development and teachers’ professional development. Email:

Abdul Muhsien Sulaiman, Senior Lecturer at the Department of Educational Foundation and Humanities, Faculty of Education, University of Malaysia

Abdul Muhsien Sulaiman: Senior Lecturer in the Department of Education Foundations and Humanities, Faculty of Education. He is expert in Islamic Education Thought and Islamic Philosophy. He received his first degree education in Islamic Education from the Academy of Islamic Studies, University of Malaya. He received PhD in the Role of Teachers according to Abu Talib al-Makki from University of Malaya. Email:


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How to Cite
Mohammad Ismath Ramzy, Md Saad , R., & Sulaiman, A. M. (2022). RELIGIOUS ETHICS FOR APPRECIATING CULTURAL DIVERSITY. Journal of Dharma, 47(1), 99-116. Retrieved from