FROM GOD TO HUMANITY
Reconstruction of Islamic Theology in Contemporary Era
Keywords:Islamic theology, 'Ilm Kalam, Hermeneutics, Transformation, Humanity, Paradigm Shift.
This article accentuates the need for a paradigm shift in Islamic theology from theocentric to anthropocentric themes. Despite its historical significance, contemporary Islamic theology meets stagnation and a disconnect from pressing human issues. Scholars advocate for a contextualized theology that actively engages with societal problems. The authors echo this call, asserting that a praxis-oriented approach is crucial for Islamic theology's relevance. The article also argues that theocentric doctrines, while significant in their time, are inadequate for addressing contemporary challenges. Religion-ethical themes such as tawhid (oneness of God), social justice, and liberation spirituality are proposed for reconstruction to align with modern human thought and address universal problems. The hermeneutical circle is a dynamic process involving cultivating reality, dialogue with sacred texts, and continuous interpretation. This study aims to bridge the gap between traditional texts and the present context, allowing for a meaningful reconstruction of Islamic theology. By shifting the paradigm from theocentrism to anthropocentrism, the authors envision a theology that defends God and protects and empowers humanity. The proposed methodological approach also facilitated a paradigm shift, so that Islamic theology remains a dynamic and relevant force in the modern world.
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