JAPANESE TRANSFORMATION OF AMERICAN RELIGIOUS DISCOURSE

Uoki Tadakazu’s Political Theology

  • Min-Seok Son
  • Eun-Young Park
Keywords: Arthur McGiffert, Uoki Tadakazu, Political Theology, Japanese Christianity, Social Engagement Discourse

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the formation process of Japanese theologian Uoki Tadakazu’s nationalistic (and imperial) theology. Unlike previous studies that have narrowly analyzed Uoki’s ‘Japan-style Christianity’ in the context of domestic cultural politics, this paper examines Uoki’s political theology in the context of transnational entanglement. It deals with how one context discussed in relation to social engagement at Union Theological Seminary (UTS) was imported and modified by a Japanese theologian who studied at UTS in the early and mid-1920s. While Uoki studied under Arthur McGiffert at Union, McGiffert’s approach to early church history prompted Uoki to consider Christianity’s role in society. After returning to Japan, he created ‘Japan-style Christianity’ through his efforts to incorporate various theological streams in the United States into Japanese society. This article provides an opportunity to seriously consider the relationship between religion and peace through Uoki’s political theology, which advocated the imperial war.

References

Brueggemann, Walter. The Prophetic Imagination, 2nd Edition. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 2001.

Clack, Elizabeth A. The Fathers Refounded: Protestant Liberalism, Roman Catholic Modernism, and the Teaching of Ancient Christianity in Early Twentieth-Century America. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2019.

Ebisawa Arimichi, Ouchi Saburo. History of Japanese Christianity. Tokyo: Nihon Kiristokyodan Shuppankyoku, 1980.

Evans, Christopher H. The Social Gospel in American Religion: A History, New York: NYU Press, 2017.

Galtung, Johan. Peace By Peaceful Means: Peace and Conflict, Development and Civilization. International Peace Research Institute Oslo: Sage Publications, 1996.

Hamada Tatsuo. “The Problems of Japanese Christianity and Overcoming Them(1).” Seigakuindaigaku sogokenkyushokiyo 25(2002): 258-283.

Handy, Robert T. A History of Union Theological Seminary in New York. New York: Columbia University Press, 1987.

Hara Makoto. The Church That Could Not Transcend the State: The Protestant Church in Japan during the Fifteen Years’ War. Tokyo: Nihon Kiristokyodan Shuppankyoku, 2005.

Harnack, Adolf von. trans. David Gracie, Militia Christi: the Christian religion and the military in the first three centuries. Minneapolis, MN: Fortress Press, 1981.

Heath, Gordon L. ed. American Churches and the First World War. Eugene: Pickwick Publications, 2016.

Kasahara Yoshimitsu. “A Critique of Japanese Christianity.” Kirisutokyoshakaimondaikenkyu 22(1974): 114-139.

Kumano Yositaka. History of Japanese Christian Theological Thought. Tokyo: Shinkyo Shuppansha, 1968.

Lee Kyoung-Ae. “A study of “Japanese Christianity”: a view on Tadakazu Uoki’s The Spiritual tradition of Japanese Christianity” The Journal of Akimi Okima College Vol.41(2007): 3-18.

Lee Wonjung. “Reconsidering ‘Christianity in Japan’ of Tadakazu Uoki: An Attempt of Indigenous Theology Dwindled”. The Study of Christianity and Social Problems No.68(2019): 91-115.

McGiffert, Arthur Cushman. “Christianity and War: A Historical Sketch.” The American Journal of Theology 19.3(1915): 323-345.

McGiffert, Arthur Cushman. “Democracy and Religion.” Religious Education No.14-3(1919): 156-161.

McGiffert, Arthur Cushman. “The Progress of Theological Thought during the Past Fifty Years,” The American Journal of Theology 20.3(1916): 321-332.

McGiffert, Arthur Cushman. The Rise of Modern Religious Ideas. New York, Macmillan Co., 1929.

Miyata Mitsuo. State and Religion. Tokyo: Iwanami Shoten, 2010.

Ohama Tetsuya. The History of the Meiji Christian Church. Tokyo: Yosikawa koubunkan, 1979.

Park Eun-Young. “A Study on the Aspects of Christianity Acceptance in the Early Modern Period in Japan.” Asiamunhwayongu 30(2013): 148-173.

Park Eun-Young. “Yokoi Shonan and “Houkyoshuisho” of Kumamoto Band.” Dongasiamunhwayongu 62(2015): 309-330.

Sumiya Mikio. The Formation of Modern Japan and Christianity. Tokyo: Shinkyosyuupansya, 2008

Sneller, Christopher D. “The Role of Union Theological Seminary (New York)” in Yangwen Zheng ed. Sinicizing Christianity, Leiden: Brill, 2017. 55-81.

The United States. President Woodrow Wilson’s address to Congress, April 2, 1917. New York: American Exchange National Bank, 1917.

Tohi Akio, Tanaka Masato eds. The Modern Emperor System and Christianity. Kyoto: Jimbunshoin, 1996.

Tohi Akio. History of Protestant Christianity in Japan. Tokyo: Shinkyoshuppansha, 2004.

Twain, Mark, Charles Dudley Warner. The Gilded Age: A Tale of Today. London: Penguin Classics, 2001.

UN. 2015. “Transforming Our World: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.” <https://sdgs.un.org/2030agenda> 2 February 2021.

Uoki Tadakazu. The Spiritual Tradition of Japanese Christianity (Nihon kirisutokyo no Seishinteki dento). Tokyo: Kiristokyo Sisososho Kankokai, 1941.

Uoki Tadakazu. The Characteristics of Japanese Christianity (Nihon kirisutokyo no Seikaku). Tokyo: Nihon Kiristokyodan Shuppankyoku, 1943.

Published
2022-12-31
How to Cite
Son, M.-S., & Park, E.-Y. (2022). JAPANESE TRANSFORMATION OF AMERICAN RELIGIOUS DISCOURSE. Journal of Dharma, 47(4), 493-512. Retrieved from https://dvkjournals.in/index.php/jd/article/view/3843

Most read articles by the same author(s)