A Study of the Changing Dynamics of Naga Philosophy of Life and Religious Practices


  • Umadevi N. REVA University
  • Dr. Payel Dutta Chowdhury REVA University


Alcoholism, Colonisation, Easterine Kire, Genna, Morung, Oral Tradition, Putu Menden


The indigenous Naga tribes had a rich knowledge system passed orally through generations. This Indigenous Knowledge System had been the foundation of ethical living and survival mechanisms for the Nagas during adverse times. Over time, changes in religious beliefs and practices and the advent of modernisation shook the principles of this ethical world. This paper examines the portrayal of the Naga philosophy of life, closely knit by participatory living and affinity towards nature in select fiction and non-fiction, to argue that this indigenous knowledge system was the foundation for the sustenance of the community. The study also examines the community’s indigenous religious beliefs and practices vis-à-vis the impact of conversion to Christianity on these people. Given the transitions in various indigenous societies due to the impact of modernisation, the paper delves into the importance of the indigenous knowledge system as the major contributor to harmonious living.

Author Biographies

Umadevi N., REVA University

Umadevi N is a Ph.D. Scholar at the School of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, REVA University.

Dr. Payel Dutta Chowdhury, REVA University

Payel Dutta Chowdhury is Professor and Director, School of Arts, Humanities and Social Sciences, REVA University. She is a creative writer and takes active interest in the indigenous cultures of India’s northeast.


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How to Cite

N., U., & Dutta Chowdhury, P. (2023). ETHICS IN INDIGENOUS KNOWLEDGE SYSTEM: A Study of the Changing Dynamics of Naga Philosophy of Life and Religious Practices. Journal of Dharma, 48(1), 85–106. Retrieved from