Toward an Indigenous Peoples-Inspired Planetary Ethics


  • Hazel Biana De La Salle University
  • Virgilio Rivas Polytechnic University of the Philippines


Ecofeminism, Indigenous Peoples, Intersectional Environmentalism, Intersectionality, Philippines,, Sustainability


“Indigenous Peoples” (IPs) are specifically mentioned in the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The SDGs advocate the empowerment, education, and engagement of IPs in the agenda’s implementation, one of which is protecting the planet’s natural resources and re-establishing a stable climate for next generations. UN Indicators suggest that IPs’ experiences and rights are unique. IPs, however, criticize these indicators as unreflective of ‘Indigenous definitions of well-being’. Intersectional environmentalists assert the same that various groups relate to the planet differently. We look at the IP agenda through the lens of intersectional environmentalism and its underlying ethics of trans-corporeality, broadly reflecting an ecofeminist disposition. With 85% of the Philippines’ key biodiversity areas located within ancestral domains, the country’s IPs’ struggles exemplify a more balanced and sensitive approach to planetary sustainability, thus the need to support and expand IPs’ planetary ethics.

Author Biographies

Hazel Biana, De La Salle University

Hazel T. Biana is an Associate Professor at the Philosophy Department, De La Salle University-Manila, and a fellow at the Social Development Research Center. She specializes in gender studies and feminist philosophy, specifically on issues related to intersectionality and cultural criticism.

Virgilio Rivas, Polytechnic University of the Philippines

Virgilio A. Rivas is a Senior Lecturer at the Philosophy Department, Polytechnic University of the Philippines, and a member of the New Center for Research and Practice based in the US. He specializes in continental philosophy, with specific focus on Naturphilosophie, Anthropocene and island studies.


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How to Cite

Biana, H., & Rivas, V. (2021). INTERSECTIONAL ENVIRONMENTALISM: Toward an Indigenous Peoples-Inspired Planetary Ethics. Journal of Dharma, 46(2), 183–198. Retrieved from