RUSSIA-UKRAINE WAR AND THE ROLE OF RELIGION IN BROKERING PEACE

  • Peter Ottuh Delta State University
  • Festus Osom Omosor Delta State University, Abraka
  • Jonathan O. Iwhiwhu Delta State University Abraka, Nigeria
Keywords: sustainable peace, Faith-Based Diplomacy, Just Peace, Pope Francis, Role Theory, Sustainable Peace, UN-SDG16

Abstract

One of the biggest threats to world peace and human survival is violence within societies, whether or not it has any external connections. In this context, it is important to understand how religion contributes to advancing peace in society. This study evaluates the armed conflict between Russia and Ukraine and emphasises the contribution of religion to sustainable peace in both nations. The research employs a literature-based analysis method, drawing upon selected extant literature to discover new relationships among existing knowledge on the subject. The study reveals that employing different theological perspectives and religious roles, including those of religious leaders, can encourage a commitment to brokering sustainable peace in Russia and Ukraine. It concludes that Religions should promote the SDG16 “sustainable peace strategy” to make significant and revolutionary changes in all nations of the world.

Author Biographies

Peter Ottuh, Delta State University
Peter. O. O. Ottuh

(Associate Professor),

Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy Delta State University, Abraka

Delta State, Nigeria  

Festus Osom Omosor , Delta State University, Abraka

Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy/Lecturer 1

Jonathan O. Iwhiwhu , Delta State University Abraka, Nigeria

Department of Religious Studies and Philosophy

References

Appleby, R. Scott. “The New Name for Peace? Religion and Development as Partners in Strategic Peacebuilding.” In Atalia Omer, R. Scott Appleby, and David Little (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Religion, Conflict, and Peacebuilding. Oxford: OUP, 2015.

Benedict XVI. Caritas in Veritate. Rome: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2009.

Bowen, Andrew. “Coercive Diplomacy and the Donbas: Explaining Russian Strategy in Eastern Ukraine.” Journal of Strategic Studies, 42.3–4 (2017): 312–343.

Durkheim, E. The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. London: Allen and Unwin, 1954.

Ellens, J. Harold. The Destructive Power of Religion: Violence in Judaism, Christianity and Islam. London: Praeger Publishers, 2002.

Galeotti, Mark. Armies of Russia’s War in Ukraine. Oxford: Osprey Publishing, 2019.

Gehlin, Sara. Educating for Peace – A Theological Task in Contemporary Times. Sweden: Stockholm, 2017.

Hayman, C. “Local First in Peacebuilding.” Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice, 25(2013): 17–23.

Houston, Aidan and Mandaville. “The Role of Religion in Russia’s War on Ukraine”. United States Institute of Peace. 2022. <https://www.usip.org/publications/2022/03/role-religion-russias-war-ukraine> 6 August 2022.

Johnston, D. and Cox, B. “Faith-Based Diplomacy and Preventive Engagement.” D. Johnston (ed.), Faith-Based Diplomacy Trumping Realpolitik. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003, 11–29.

Linton, Ralph. The Study of Man. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1936.

McDermott, Roger N. “Brothers Disunited: Russia’s use of Military Power in Ukraine”. In Black, J.L., Johns, Michael (eds.). The Return of the Cold War: Ukraine, the West and Russia. London, 2016, 99–129.

Mead, G.H. Mind, Self, and Society. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1934.

Ottuh, P. O. O. and Jemegbe, M. O. “COVID-19 Pandemic: An Eschatologicotheodical Paradox”. Cogito: Multidisciplinary Research Journal, 13.1(2021): 32-49

Ottuh, P. O. O., Idjakpo, O. G. and Uviekovo, A. A. “Computerisation for Religious Organisations in Nigeria Promoting Sustainable Prosperity.” Journal of Dharma, 47.3(2022): 299-318.

Ottuh, P. O. O. and Onimhawo, J. A. “A Critical Assessment of the Role of Religion towards Peaceful Coexistence in Nigeria”. PINISI Discretion Review, 4.1(2020): 21-32.

Pope Francis. Fratelli Tutti: On the Fraternity and Social Friendship. Rome: Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2020.

Shah, T., Stepan, A. and M. Toft, eds. Rethinking Religion and World Affairs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Slotin, J. and Elgin-Cossart, M. Why would Peace be Controversial at the United Nations? Negotiations toward a Post-2015 Development Framework. New York: Center on International Cooperation, 2013.

Smock, D.R. Nigeria: Religion as Identity, Religion as Bridge. In Transforming Conflicts with Religious Dimensions: Methodologies and Practical Experiences. Conference Report, 27–28 April 2009. Zurich: The Centre on Conflict, Development and Peacebuilding/ CCDP, 2009.

Weber, Max. The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism. Peter Baehr and Gordon C. Wells (trans.). London: Penguin Books, 2002.

Published
2022-12-31
How to Cite
Ottuh, P., Omosor , F. O., & Iwhiwhu , J. O. (2022). RUSSIA-UKRAINE WAR AND THE ROLE OF RELIGION IN BROKERING PEACE. Journal of Dharma, 47(4), 433-452. Retrieved from http://dvkjournals.in/index.php/jd/article/view/3819