• Byeongjin Kim Ewha Women University, Seoul
  • Yi-jin Park Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul
Keywords: Arahitogami, Emperor Worship, Fukko Shintō, Kami Worship, Katsuhiko Kakei, Ko-Shinto, Meiji Era


In modern Japan, Shintō was defined as a culture rather than a religion to align the freedom of religion with the ideas of the nation-state, making it possible for Shintō to be presented to the public as an obligatory public moral and ritual guide. Katsuhiko Kakei, a professor of Constitutional Law at the Tōkyō Imperial University, incorporated the spiritual tendency to depend on the Absolute into Shintō and changed it into a state-religion. The purpose of his project was to restore the spiritual common good of the Japanese, expand it into the social common good, and thereby pursue integral human development and prosperity. This research contributes to rethinking the religious power to promote sustainable prosperity.

Author Biographies

Byeongjin Kim, Ewha Women University, Seoul

Dr Byeongjin Kim (first author) is a Researcher Professor of Ewha Institute for the Humanities at Ewha Women University, Seoul. His area of research is Historical Sociology of East Asia.

Yi-jin Park, Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul

Dr Yi-jin Park (corresponding author) is a professor of Academy of East Asian Studies at Sungkyunkwan University, Seoul.


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How to Cite
Kim, B., & Park, Y.- jin. (2022). STATE SHINTŌ PROJECT FOR SPIRITUAL AND SOCIAL COMMON GOOD. Journal of Dharma, 47(3), 283-298. Retrieved from