DAOIST ART OF LIFE

Emotions of a Sage in the Zhuangzi

  • woojin jung Department of Philosophy, Kyung Hee University
Keywords: Confucianism, Daoist Ethics, Haowu, Mengzi, Qing, Resonant Emotions, Shifei

Abstract

A Daoist sage is considered an ideal and sacred being. A passage in the Zhuangzi implies that a sage feels no emotions. Because of the importance of emotions in human life, this passage has long been debated. This study proposes two interpretations of a sage’s emotions: i. The common people generally insist on their dispositions and judgments, which triggers emotions. Because a sage does not have this attitude, he does not feel the kind of emotions experienced by common people. ii. Nevertheless, a sage experiences emotions more abundantly because he effortlessly resonates with the situation, just as a mirror reflects an object as it is. A sage’s resonant emotions may appear passive, but they encompass activeness because a sage transforms others through resonance without harming them. This active passivity noted in a sage’s emotions can be considered the fundamental notion of Daoist ethics.

References

Ames, Roger and Takahiro, Nakajima. Zhuangzi and the Happy Fish. Honolulu: University of Hawaii Press, 2015.

Cline, Erin M. “Mirrors, Minds, and Metaphors.” Philosophy East and West 58.3(2008): 337-357.

Fraser, Chris. “Emotion and Agency in Zhuāngzǐ.” Asian Philosophy 21.1(2011): 97-121.

Graham, A. C. 1986. Studies in Chinese Philosophy and Philosophical Literature. The Institute of East Asian Philosophies. 1986.

Graham, A. C. Chuang-tzu: The Seven Inner Chapters and Other Writings from the Book Chuang-tzu. London: Allen & Unwin, 1981.

Graham, A. C. Disputers of the Tao. La Salle: Open Court, 1989.

Johnson-Laird, P. N. and Oatley, Keith. “Emotions in Music, Literature, and Film.” Handbook of Emotions. Ed. Lisa Feldman Barrett et al. New York: Guilford Press, 2018.

Li, Ling. Shangbo Chujian Sanpian Jiaoduji. Taibei: Wanjuanlou Tushu Youxiangongsi, 2002.

Machek, David. “Emotions that Do Not Move: Zhuangzi and Stoics on Self-Emerging Feelings.” Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 14(2015): 521-544.

Olberding, Amy. “Sorrow and the Sage: Grief in the Zhuangzi.” Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 6.4(2007): 339-359.

Ren, Songyao. “The Zhuangist Views on Emotions.” Asian Philosophy 28.1(2018): 55-67.

Rickett, Allen. Guanzi vol.Ⅱ. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998.

Sanguozhi 三國志. Beijing: Zhonghua, 1964.

Watson, Burton. The Complete Works of Chuang Tzu. New York: Columbia University Press, 1968.

Wong, David. “Identifying with Nature in Early Daoism.” Journal of Chinese Philosophy 36.4(2009): 568-584.

Wong, David. “The Meaning of Detachment in Daoism, Buddhism, and Stoicism.” Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 5.2(2006): 207-219.

Xiaogan, Liu. Classifying the Zhuangzi Chapters. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan, 1994.

Zhuangzi jishi 莊子集釋. Beijing: Zhonghua, 2013.

Published
2022-09-30
How to Cite
jung, woojin. (2022). DAOIST ART OF LIFE. Journal of Dharma, 47(3), 339-354. Retrieved from http://dvkjournals.in/index.php/jd/article/view/3788