SPIRITUAL AND PASTORAL NATURE OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE SUPERIORS IN RELIGIOUS INSTITUTES (CCEO C. 421: CIC CC. 618, 619)

  • Rosmin Cheruvilparambil Dharmaram Vidya Kshetram, Bangalore
Keywords: Authority of Religious Superiors, Diakonia, Human Dignity, Religious Institutes, Religious Life, Religious Superiors, Service

Abstract

Religious life is usually being understood as a life of total submission of oneself to God and superiors. Jesus came to the world as a servant leader. Thus, religious superiors are called to follow the footstep of Jesus, the master. This article outlines a different parameter for judging religious authority which goes after a servant leadership model of Jesus Christ. This reverse perspective of religious authority where the superiors reach out to the community members as a servant of God which strengthens the fraternal communion characterises the spirit of the codes of canon law. Spiritual nature and pastoral character of religious authority is clearly mentioned in the canons of both codes of canon law (canon 421 of CCEO and canons 618 and 619 of CIC) which are more theological and pastoral than juridical. The article examines the obligation of the religious superiors according to the canon 421 of CCEO and canons 618 and 619 of CIC and attempts to present an ideal kind of religious authority where an ambience of peace, fraternity and mutual self-giving is fostered and promoted.

Author Biography

Rosmin Cheruvilparambil, Dharmaram Vidya Kshetram, Bangalore

Sr Dr Rosmin Cheruvilparambil, SH is a member of the Sacred Heart Congregation, Pala Province, Kerala, India. She obtained a licentiate in Oriental Canon Law from Dharmaram Vidya Khetram Bengaluru and a doctorate from the Pontifical Oriental Institute Rome in 2012. Her thesis, “Oriental Legislation on Community Life in Religious Institutes” was published by the Dharmaram Canonical Studies, Bengaluru, in 2015. She served as judge in the eparchial tribunal of Pala, Kerala and now serves as the defender of bond in the eparchial tribunal of the eparchy of Mandya-Bengaluru. She is an assistant professor at the Institute of Oriental Canon Law, Dharmaram Vidya Kshetram, Bengaluru and a visiting lecturer in various formation centres.

References

Charles Serrao, I have Come to Serve: Leadership and Growth in Community Living, Bangalore: Dhyanavana Publications, 2008, 86.

CICLSAL, Instruction on Fraternal Life in Community, Congregavit nos in unum Christi amor, 2 February 1994, 50 a. http://w2.vatican.va/roman_curia/ congregations/ccscrlife/documents/rc_con_ccscrlife_doc_02021994_ fraternal-life-in-community_en.htm (accessed on 05/06/2020).

CICLSAL, Instruction, The Service of Authority and Obedience, 5 May 2008, Introduction. http://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/congregations/ccscrlife/ documents/rc_con_ccscrlife_doc_20080511_autorita-obbedienza_en.html (accessed on 25/06/2020) 12.

D.J. Andres, “Superiors and Councils cc.617-630,” in Exegetical Commentary on the Code of Canon Law, edited by Angel Marzoa & Others, vol II/2, Canada: Wilson& Lafleur, 2004, 1616–1661, 1627.

Elio Gambari, Religious Life according to Vatican II and the New Code of Canon Law, Boston: Daughters of St Paul, 1986, Daughters of St Paul, Boston, 1986, 507.

Francis, Address in Ceremony Commemorating the 50th Anniversary of the Institution of the Synod of Bishops, 17 October 2015, http://www.vatican.va/content/francesco/en/speeches/2015/october/documents/papa-francesco_ 20151017_50-anniversario-sinodo.html (accessed 27.02.2020).

Francis, Apostolic Constitution on Women Contemplative Life, Vultum Dei quaerere, 29 June 2016, https://press.vatican.va/content/salastampa/en/bollettino/ pubblico/2016/07/22/160722a.html, hereafter quote VDQ.

George Lobo, New Canon Law for Religious, Bombay: St Paul Publications, 1986, 51–52.

Ignaz Watterott, Ordensleitung, trans by A. Simon, Guidance of Religious: Considerations on the Duties of Religious Superiors, St Luis: Herder, 1950, 123.

Jean Beyer, “Missioni Dei Superiori locali,” in Vita Consecrata 4 (1983) 239–240.

John Kochupurackal, Religious Authority and Power in the Particular Law of the Little Flower Congregation, Rome: PIO, 1994, 146–47.

Kochupurackal, Religious Authority and Power in the Particular Law of the Little Flower Congregation, 89.

Mary Linscott, “Leadership, Authority and Religious Government,” edited by David L. Flaming, Elizabeth McDonough, The Church and Consecrated Life, USA: Review for Religious, 1996, 150-177, at 151.

Paul Marie de la Croix, The Superior and the Sanctification of her Religious in Religious Life I: Religious Sisters, West Minister: The Newman Press, 1962, 101–146, 106.

Pope Francis, Message to the Union of Superiors General held its 82nd General Assembly in the Salesianum in Rome from 27th to 29th November, Vatican City, https://cppsmissionaries.org/general_curia/news_docs/2013 /Pope_Francis_meets _Superiors_General.pdf, accessed on 25/06/2020.

Rosemary Smith, “The Governance of Institutes (cc. 617–640),” in New Commentary on the Code of Canon Law, edited by John P. Beal, James A. Coriden and Thomas J. Green, Bangalore: TPI, 2003, 780–805, 782.

Sharon Holland, “What is Meant by the Personal Authority of Religious Superiors,” in Selected Issues in Religious Law, edited by Patrick J. Cogan, Washington: Canon Law Society of America, 1997, 10–11, 10.

Sharon L. Holland, “Visitation in Religious Institutes: A Service of Communion,” CLSA Proceedings 61(1999) 161–178, 177.

The Code of Canon Law of 1983 (CIC) and the Code of Canons of the Eastern Churches of 1990 (CCEO).

Thomas Pazhayampallil, Pastoral Guide, vol. III, A Handbook on the Latin and Oriental Codes of Canon Law, Bangalore: Kristu Jyoti Publications, 2004, 860.

Vimal Tirimanna, “Are Religious Superiors Called to be Politically Correct?,” Review for Religious 65 (2006) 166–176.
Published
2021-02-28
How to Cite
Cheruvilparambil, R. (2021). SPIRITUAL AND PASTORAL NATURE OF THE AUTHORITY OF THE SUPERIORS IN RELIGIOUS INSTITUTES (CCEO C. 421: CIC CC. 618, 619). Asian Horizons, 15(1), 128-143. Retrieved from http://dvkjournals.in/index.php/ah/article/view/3779