PREVENTION AND DETECTION OF CORONA VIRUS WITH VACCINE AND BIOCHIP IMPLANTS: AN ETHICAL EVALUATION
COVID-19 is a serious threat to the life of the human beings. The virus spread through respiratory droplets, aerosols, and contact with a biotic surface. Companies and institutes are therefore involved in developing effective methods for the quick detection and prevention of SARS-CoV-2. In order to prevent Covid-19, there are different types of vaccines that are developed by international institutes. Production, price, distribution and equal accessibility are the different ethical issues related to vaccine.Apart from the detection of Covid 19 by various testing methods, multi-national companies developed a biochip to identify COVID-19 in the general population before its symptoms begin by analysing the body temperature variations and antibody status. Biochips can make thousands of biological responses in a few seconds. The question of safety or risk factors, misuse of the collected data by a totalitarian government, common good, informed consent, breach of privacy and autonomy, issues related to social justice, directly and indirectly affecting the developing world are impending ethical questions that need to be answered. Though it has many positive aspects, research should respect human dignity, autonomy and the common good. If biochips implantations do not have an ethical approach based on just laws, faith and virtues, manipulations will continue, and the consequence would be a specially designed group in the society, steered by the whims and fancies of the authority which also affect directly and indirectly the growth of the developing worlds.
C. Byk, “Living Organ Donation: European Perspective,”in D.P.T. Price &H. Akveld, ed., Living Organ Donation in Nineties: European Medico-Legal Perspectives, Leicester: Eurotold Project,1995, 58.
C. Feiyun & Z. Susan, “Diagnostic Methods and Potential Portable Biosensors for Corona Virus Disease 2019,”Biosensors and Bioelectronics165 (2020) 112-349.
Congregation for the Doctrine of Faith, Dignitas Personae, September 8, 2008
Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith, Samaritanus Bonus: On the Care of Persons in the Critical and Terminal Phases of Life, Rome, 2020, part 1, 2.
Congregation of the Doctrine of Faith, “Note on the Morality of Using Some Anti-Covid-19 Vaccines,” 21 December 2020.
D. Lamb, “Ethical Aspects of Different Types of Living Organ Donation,”in Price&Akveld, ed.,Living Organ Donation in the Nineties: European Medico-Legal Perspectives, 48-49.
Feiyun& Susan, “Diagnostic Methods and Potential Portable Biosensors,” 112-349.
H.L. Schreiber, “Legal Implications of the Principle Primum Nihil Nocereas it Applies to Live Donors,” in W. Land &J.B. Dossetor, ed., Organ Replacement Therapy: Ethics, Justice and Commerce, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer-Verlag,1991, 15.
https://medicalfuturist.com/rfid-implant-chip/(accessed September 15, 2020)
https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/smll.201802368(accessedSeptember 15, 2020).
https://steemit.com/covid/@munkle/permanent-injectable-biochip-covid-sensors-near-fda-approval/(accessed September 25, 2020).
https://www.bbc.com/news/52847648 (accessed September 26, 2020).
https://www.bu.edu/wcp/Papers/Bioe/BioeMcGe.htm (accessed September26 , 2020).
https://www.covid19facts.ca/en/fact-checked/is-bill-gates-using-microchip-implants-to-fight-the-coronavirus (accessed September 27, 2020).
https://www.elprocus.com/what-is-a-biochip-and-types-of-biochips/ (accessedSeptember26 , 2020).
https://www.uidevices.com/covid/ (accessed September 25, 2020)
J. Montgomery, Health Care Law, New York: Oxford University Press, 1997,424.
Ji Tianxing, L. Zhenwei, W. Guo-Qiang,et al., “Detection of COVID-19: A Review of the Current Literature and Future Perspectives,” Biosensors and Bioelectronics 166 (2020) 112-455.
John Paul II, “Dangers of Genetic Manipulation,” Address to Members of the World Medical Association, Rome, 1983,131.
John Paul II, “The Ethics of Genetic Manipulation,”inK.D. O’Rourke &P. Boyle, Medical Ethics: Sources of Catholic Teachings, 131.
K.D. O’Rourke &P. Boyle, Medical Ethics: Sources of Catholic Teachings St Louis: The Catholic Health Association of the United States, 1989,128.
Michael J. O’Loughlin, “U.S. bishops’ Internal Memo: Catholics can Take Covid-19 Vaccines,” America: The Jesuit Review: https://www.americamagazine.org/politics-society/2020/11/23/misinformation-us-bishops-catholics-covid-vaccine-abortion (accessed April 19, 2021).
S. Kanniyakonil, Bioethical Issues: A Catholic Moral Analysis, Kottayam: OIRSI, 2017.
T.L. Beauchamp & J.F. Childress, Principles of Biomedical Ethics, New York: Oxford University, 2001, 117
The Pontifical Academy for Life, Moral reflections on vaccines prepared from cells derived from aborted human foetuses, 5 June 2005