RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS

A Sociological Study of Their Origin and Development in Christianity

  • Jose Kuriedath Dharmaram Vidya Kshetram (DVK)
Keywords: RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS, Sociological, Origin, Development, Christianity

Abstract

Social movements (in which religious movements are a special
category) have been the subject of wide interest for social sciences,
particularly sociology, political science and history because
movements provide life and energy for change in social life; and
‘change has been the unchanging law in the society’, as philosopher
Heraclitus remarked long ago. Social movements can be defined as
different types of group actions by usually large informal groupings
of individuals and/or organizations focused on specific political or
social issues, in other words, on carrying out, resisting or undoing a
social change. Since religious movements are special types of social
movements, as I noted above, the former also aim at socio-religious
change. The planned change takes place in the structures and/or
functions of the religious group in which the religious movement
emerges. Thus, there have been religious movements within
Christianity itself for bringing about changes in the authority
structure, teachings, practices and rules etc.

Author Biography

Jose Kuriedath, Dharmaram Vidya Kshetram (DVK)

Dr Jose Kuriedath, CMI, M.A. (Phil.), M.A., Ph.D. (Sociology), was lecturer, head of
the Department of Sociology and principal of Sacred Heart College, Thevara, Kochi,
India. His doctoral thesis (Kerala University, Trivandrum) was on the “Changing
Patterns of Authority in the Catholic Community in Kerala” and the post-doctoral
research (Catholic University, Leuven) was on the “Communalization and
Secularization of Politics in Kerala.” He was visiting fellow at Fordham University,
New York (1992). He is a recognized research guide in Sociology at Mahatma Gandhi
University, Kottayam, from 1989. Books: Authority in the Catholic Community in Kerala,
Bangalore, 1989; Vocations in Kerala: A Study on the Changes in the Social Determinants
of Priestly and Religious Vocations in Kerala, Cochin, 1997. He has published a number
of articles on sociology of religion. E-mail: jkuriedath@rediffmail.com

References

Sidney Tarrow, Power in Movement: Collective Action, Social Movements and Politics, Cambridge University Press, 1994.

Charles Tilly, Social Movements, 1768–2004, Boulder, CO: Paradigmn Publishers, 2004.

David F. Aberle, The Peyote Religion among the Navaho, Chicago: Aldine, 1966.

Neil J. Smelser, Theory of Collective Behavior, New York: Free Press, 1962.

Denton E. Morrison, “Some Notes toward Theory on Relative Deprivation, Social Movements and Social Change”, in Louis E. Genevie, ed., Collective Behavior and Social Movements, Itasca, Ill., Peacock.

William Kornhauser, The Politics of Mass Society, New York: Free Press, 1959.

Smelser, op. cit.; Also, Herbert Blumer, “Collective Behavior,” in A. M. Lee, ed., Principles of Sociology, New York: Barnes & Noble, 1951.

Reinhard Bendix, Max Weber: An Intellectual Portrait, N.Y.: Anchor, 1962.

Max Weber, Economy and Society, 254. Also see S.M. Eisenstadt, ed., Max Weber on Charisma and Institution Building, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1968.

A. Etzioni, A Comparative Analysis of Complex Organizations, New York: Free Press, 1961.

W. Stark, The Sociology of Religion: A Study of Christendom, New York: Fordham University, 1967.

L. Coser, ‘Social Conflict and the Theory of Social Change’, Social Change, ed. by A. Etzioni, and E. Etzioni-Halevy, New York: Basic Books, 1973.

Emile Durkheim, Sociology and Philosophy, London: Cohen and West, 1965.

Roy Wallis, The Elementary Forms of the New Religious Life, London: Routledge & Kegan Paul, 1984.

Björkqvist. K., “World-rejection, World-affirmation, and Goal Displacement: Some Aspects of Change in Three New Religions Movements of Hindu Origin”, N. Holm (ed.), Encounter with India: Studies in Neo-Hinduism. Turku, Finland: Åbo Akademi University Press, 1990.

The Oxford Handbook of New Religious Movements, Oxford University Press, 2008.

Robert Wuthnow, “The Cultural Context of Contemporary Religious Movements”, in Thomas Robins et al., ed., Cults, Culture and the Law, Atlanta: Scholars’ Press, 1985.

Leland J. White, Christ and the Christian Movement, New York: Alba House, 1985.

Francesco Alberoni, Movement and Institution, NY: Columbia University Press, 1984.

Richard A. Horsley, Sociology and the Jesus Movement, New York: Continuum, 1989.

G. Theissen, Sociology and Early Palestinian Christianity, Philadephia: Fortress, 1978.

Published
2010-12-31
How to Cite
Kuriedath, J. (2010). RELIGIOUS MOVEMENTS. Asian Horizons, 4(02), 339-357. Retrieved from http://dvkjournals.in/index.php/ah/article/view/2742

Most read articles by the same author(s)