• Ingeborg G Gabriel University of Vienna
Keywords: Christianity, Culture, Dialogue, Ethics, Globalization, Interreligious Overlapping Consensus, Hinduism, Islam, Judaism, Multireligious Societies, Norms, Peace, Values


The present article argues for a revival of interreligious (and intercultural) dialogue on ethics and law as an instrument of peace. Whereas the first phase of Interreligious Dialogue was marked by a considerable prominence of these topics, they later fell practically into oblivion. This state of affairs is lamentable for two reasons, one theoretical and the other practical. Theoretically the rationality of dogmatic or systematic insights (as found in all faith traditions) is largely exclusive, whereas the rationality of ethics, also religiously founded ethics, is basically inclusive. This means it is open to dialogue and common ground can be found which norms, rules and values better serve humans, the society and the political community they live in. This is of particular importance in today’s multi-religious societies and a world strongly interconnected because of globalization. The article concludes with some practical examples that were geared to form an interreligious alliance of the moderate.

Author Biography

Ingeborg G Gabriel, University of Vienna

Professor Ingeborg G. Gabriel holds the Chair of Social Ethics at the Catholic Faculty of the University of Vienna. She has a Master’s Degree in Economics and in International Relations as well as a PhD in Roman Catholic theology. Before starting her academic career, she worked with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) in New York and in Asia. Her main research interests are ethics in the global world, focussed on human rights. She has for a long time been publishing on ethical issues in ecumenical as well interreligious dialogues. For further information and her publications see http://ktf.univie.ac.at/site/se/. Email: i.gabriel@univie.ac.at


Paul F. Knitter, “Inter-Religious Dialogue and Social Action” and S. Ayse Kadayifci-Orellana, “Inter-Religious Dialogue and Peacebuilding,”

Robert N. Bellah, ed., Religion in Human Evolution. From the Paleolithic to the Axial Age, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011

Ingeborg Gabriel, “Antigone war nicht nur hier,” in Patricia Hladschik, and Fiona Steinert, ed., Menschenrechten Gestalt und Wirksamkeit verleihen. Making Human Rights Work. Festschrift für Manfred Nowak und Hannes Tretter, Vienna: NWV Verlag, 2019,

Ingeborg Gabriel, “Weltethos in Bewegung: Zwischen religiöser und säkularer Ethik,” in Erwin Bader, ed., Weltethos und Globalisierung, Münster: LIT Verlag, 2008

Max Weber, Die Wirtschaftsethik der Weltreligionen. Gesammelte Aufsätze zur Religionssoziologie I-III, Tübingen: Mohr 1988.

Anthony Giddens, Runaway World: How Globalisation Is Reshaping Our Lives, New York: Routledge, 2000.

Martin Riesebrodt, “Was ist religiöser Fundamentalismus?” in Clemens Six, Martin Riesebrodt, and Siegfried Haas, ed., Religiöser Fundamentalismus: Vom Kolonialismus zur Globalisierung, Vienna: Universitätsverlag, 2005.

Samuel Huntington, “The Clash of Civilizations?” in Foreign Affairs 73, 3 (1993).

Samuel Huntington, Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order, Simon & Schuster: New York, 1996.

Peter L. Berger, ed., Between Relativism and Fundamentalism. Religious Resources for a Middle Position, Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 2010.

Claude Levi-Strauss, Race et Histoire, ed. Gonthier: UNESCO 1961

New American Bible, Washington, DC: Confraternity of Christian Doctrine 1969.

Catherine Cornille, “Conditions for Inter-Religious Dialogue,” in Catherine Cornille, ed., The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Interreligious Dialogue, Oxford: John Wiley & Sons 2013.

Catherine Cornille, The Im-Possibility of Inter-Religious Dialogue, New York: Herder & Herder Book 2008.

Heinrich Denzinger, Enchridion symbolorum definitionum et declarationum de rebus fidei et morum ed. by Peter Hünermann, 37th edition, Freiburg: Herder, 199.

Klaus von Stosch, Komparative Theologie als Wegweiser in der Welt der Religionen, Paderborn: Schöningh, 2012.

Leonard Swidler, After the Absolute: The Dialogical Future of Religious Reflection, Minneapolis: Fortress Press, 1990.

Rotraud Wielandt, “Man and His Ranking in the Creation: On the Fundamental Understanding of Islamic Anthropology,” in Andreas Bsteh et al., ed., Islam Questioning Christianity, Mödling: Verlag St Gabriel, 2007.

Mualla Seldcuk, Richard Heinzmann, and Felix Körner, ed., Menschenwürde: Grundlagen im Islam und Christentum (German and Turkish), Ankara: Üniversitesi Basimevi, 2006.

George Chemparathy, “Der Mensch im Wesenskreislauf,” in Andreas Bsteh et al., ed., Der Hinduismus als Anfrage an christliche Theologie und Philosophie, Studien zur Religionstheologie 3, Mödling: Verlag St Gabriel, 1997.

Ingeborg Gabriel, “Christliche Umweltspiritualität als Antwort auf die Umweltkrise,” in Monika Kirloskar-Steinbach, Madalina Diaconu, ed., Environmental Ethics and Cross-Cultural Explorations, München: Alber Verlag, 2020.

Jacques Dupuis, Towards a Christian Theology of Religious Pluralism, New York: Maryknoll, 1997

Tilman Nagel, Geschichte der islamischen Theologie. Von Mohammed bis zur Gegenwart, München: Beck, 1994.

Peter Brown, The Ransom of the Soul. Afterlife and Wealth in Early Western Christianity, Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2015.

Rémi Brague, The Law of God. The Philosophical History of an Idea, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007

Michael Walzer, Thick and Thin. Moral Argument at Home and Abroad, Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1994.

Alasdair McIntyre, After Virtue. A Study in Moral Theory, Second Edition, London: Duckworth, 1987.

Ingeborg Gabriel, “Truth in Earthen Vessels. Reflections on Contextuality,” The Journal of Eastern Christian Studies (edited by Assad Elias Kattan and Radu Preda) 69 (2017).

A. Mirdamadi, ed., Hermeneutik. Thema der 4. Iranisch-Österreichischen Konferenz, Mödling: Verlag St Gabriel: 2010 https://se-ktf.univie. ac.at/fileadmin/user_upload/p_sozialethik/UEber_Ethik/Leseraum/Christlichmuslimischer_Dialog/Deutsch/IOEK_deutsch/Andreas_Bsteh_4_-_Hermeneutik. pdf (accessed 21/12/19).

Rémi Brague, The Law of God. The Philosophical History of an Idea, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2007

Wilhelm Korff, Markus Vogt, ed., Gliederungssysteme angewandter Ethik. Ein Handbuch, Freiburg: Herder Verlag, 2016.

Jonathan Sacks, Essays on Ethics, Jerusalem: Maggid Books; for Islam, Abdullah A. An-Na’im, Islam and the Secular State. Negotiating the Future of Shari’a, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2008.

Harold J. Berman, Law and Revolution. The Formation of the Western Legal Tradition, Cambridge, and London: Harvard University Press, 1983.

Charles Taylor, A Secular Age, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007.

Ingeborg Gabriel, “Menschenrechte und Religionen: Verbündete oder Gegner?” in Peter G. Kirchschläger, Die Verantwortung von nicht-staatlichen Akteuren gegenüber den Menschenrechten, Religionsrechtliche Studien 4, Zürich: Theologischer Verlag, 2017.


Ingeborg Gabriel, “Like Rosewater. Reflections on Interreligious Dialogue,” Journal of Ecumenical Studies (winter 2010)

https://www.vicisu.com/ (accessed 21/12/19).

How to Cite
Gabriel, I. G. (2019). DIALOGUE ON RELIGIOUS ETHICS. Asian Horizons, 13(04), 557-576. Retrieved from http://dvkjournals.in/index.php/ah/article/view/2250